JSRCG in Redfern, NSW was established in 2010 to improve the utilisation of a valuable but neglected piece of public land.
We have created an attractive and productive garden that involves local community members and businesses.
Thank you to City of Sydney and the many businesses and individuals, who have helped make the garden possible.
Notes about the apothecary plantings by Leesa Burton
The almond is a deciduoustree, growing. The young twigs are green at first, becoming purplish where exposed to
sunlight, then grey in their second year. The flowers are white to pale pink and appear before the leaves in
early spring. They then turn into the almond seed or nut. Almond grows best in
Mediterranean climates with warm, dry summers and mild, wet winters.
Almond seeds are commonly eaten
for their taste but are packed with vitamins, minerals, protein and fiber. The health benefits of almonds are extensive, and they are
frequently used as a healthy solution for relief from constipation, brain
health, respiratory disorders, coughs, heart disorders, anemia,
impotency, and diabetes. It also helps in maintenance of healthy hair,
skin care (psoriasis), and dental care. The oil is extracted for culinary and
uses in skin care.
Aloe Vera’s use can be traced back 6,000
years to early Egypt, where the plant was depicted on stone carvings.
Historically, the gel inside the aloe leaf
has been used topically to heal wounds and for various skin conditions, and
orally as a laxative. Aloe Vera gel can be found in hundreds of skin products,
including lotions and sunblock. Aloe medications can be taken by mouth or applied to the skin. Aloe gel is
taken by mouth for osteoarthritis, bowel diseases including ulcerative
colitis, fever, itching and inflammation, and as a general tonic. It is also used for
stomach ulcers, diabetes, asthma, and for treating some side effects of radiation treatment. But most people use aloe gel topically, as a
remedy for skin conditions including burns, sunburn, frostbite, psoriasis, and cold
Aniseed, commonly also known as “anise,” “anis,” or “anise seed,” is a herb with a faint licorice taste that is common in Mediterranean cooking. Both seed
and leaves carry the plant’s distinctive licorice taste, but the seeds are
usually the only parts that humans consume. They are often used to flavor baked
goods and savory broths; their essential oils are also believed to have some
It has long history as a medicinal herb. It is thought
to promote better sleep. The oil and sometimes the seeds have also been used by
a variety of cultures to help with digestive problems. The herb also has anti-parasitic
properties, which makes it useful for treating some fungal infections; rubbing
the seed’s oils on the scalp may also help ward off lice. The oil can be
helpful at relieving nasal congestion and speeding the cure of the common cold as
Anise hyssop is a species of
perennially growing plant that belongs to the mint family. It is indigenous to most of the north-central and
northern regions of North America.The Native Americans found many uses for this plant. Honey-bees are very much attracted to it and it is extensively
cultivated in the form of a honey herb. In addition, the flowers of anise hyssop
are also an excellent source of nectar for butterflies. On the other hand, wild
birds, particularly finches, find the seeds of the plant attractive. The flowers as well as the leaves
of anise hyssop are both edible. In folk herbal
medicine is has been used to aid digestion and cure wounds, fevers, diarrhea and cough.
is a perennial, creeping herb with numerous branches that grows in wetlands and
marshy places. Brahmi is native to India but has spread throughout the tropics.
Brahmi has long history in Indian Ayurvedic medicine.
It is widely used for its effect in blood circulation that promotes efficient
function of the liver, lungs and the kidneys.Brahmi is also traditionally used to treat skin problems including psoriasis, eczema, abscess and ulceration because it stimulates
skin cell regeneration and growth. It has also been used as memory
enhancer, and in mental and physical fatigue, insomnia, irritable bowel syndrome,
to increase sex drive, impotence, bronchitis, coughs and hoarseness, arthritis,
rheumatism, inflammatory conditions, high cholesterol levels.
Despite what its name suggests, it is not a thyme. It is a mounding, tender perennial with
by fragrant pink flowers. Cat thyme, a native of Spain and the
The plant has used in the treatment of
many diseases, being considered useful in most nervous complaints. It is used
in the treatment of gallbladder and stomach problems. The root bark is
considerably astringent and has been used for checking hemorrhages.
A homeopathic remedy is made from the whole herb. It is said to be
effectual against small threadworms in children. It is also antibacterial.
There are nine known species of echinacea,
all of which are native to the United States and southern Canada. Echinacea has
traditionally been used for colds, flu, and other infections, based on the idea
that it might stimulate the immune system to more effectively fight infection.
Echinacea seems to activate chemicals
in the body that decrease inflammation, which might also be what reduces cold
parthenium, Chrysanthemum parthenium
Feverfew is a short bush with
Its traditional medicinal uses include
fevers, headaches, stomach aches, toothaches, insect bites, infertility,
problems with menstruation and with labor during childbirth, migraine
headaches, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, allergies, asthma, tinnitus
(ringing or roaring sounds in the ears), dizziness, nausea, and vomiting.
This plants has many names as its medicinal and culinary use spans across a variety
of Asiatic countries properties. Along with many other names, it is also known
as kachai, kuncho, temu kunci, lesser galangal or Chinese ginger. It is a member of the Zingiberaceae family so is
related toginger, zedoary (kachur) or white turmeric (Curcuma zedoaria),turmeric, and kulanjan (Alpinia galangal). Its rhizome has been
traditionally used in folk medicine for treatment of several diseases. The
rhizome contains essential oils and many flavonoid compounds that in studies
have shown many interesting pharmacological activities, such as antifungal,
antibacterial, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-cancer.
Egyptian mint has a flavor similar to Apple
Mint. But, this is a much more robust plant
with sturdy upright stems and large velvety gray leaves.
It is a spreading perennial growing to a height of
90cm. Frost hardy. Prolific white flowers in summer. It has been used in for
its flavour and seen as useful in tabouleh, salads, etc.
physicians have used mint for centuries as a tonic and digestive aid and as a
treatment for colds, cough, and fever.
Orange peel creeping thyme
mainly used for groundcover in lawns, paths and steps. A groundcover perennial
with mauve flowers in summer. It has an orange peel fragrance when leaves are
crushed. Frost hardy. See 'Thyme' for traditional medicinal uses.
Peppermint oil has also been shown to be a safe
and effective short-term treatment for irritable bowel
syndrome. According to the German Commission E monographs, peppermint oil (as well
as peppermint leaf) has been used internally as an antispasmodic (upper
gastrointestinal tract and bile ducts) and to treat irritable bowel syndrome, catarrh of the respiratory tract, and
inflammation of the oral mucosa. Externally, peppermint oil has been used for muscle pain and nerve pain.
Pomegranate is considered to have
originated in the region of modern day Iran, and has been cultivated since ancient times throughout the
Mediterranean region and northern India.Pomegranate
is a tree and it is the fruit that is most commonly eaten, whilst various parts
of the tree are used to make medicine.
Sage is a small, woody, perennial
shrub growing to about 90cm. The long, oval, grey-green leaves, velvety in
texture, have a slightly bitter, camphor-like taste, while the flowers are
purple-blue in colour.
is an herb that has been long known for its culinary and antiseptic properties.
During the 15th and 17th century plagues thyme was an
important in combatting the plagues. During World War I thyme was an important
antiseptic to the soldiers. The name thyme means ‘fumigate’ it was used in the
early days as incense. Thyme can relieve congestion in the head and chest. It
has been used as a gargle to relieve sore throats and mouth ulcers. Contained
in thyme is thymol which has been used as a topical antibiotic, though too much
can be toxic. Thyme can be used as a mild insect repellent. Thyme is taken by mouth for bronchitis,
intestinal gas (flatulence),
parasitic worm infections, and skin
disorders. It is also used to increase urine flow (as a diuretic), to disinfect
the urine, and as an appetite stimulant. Some people apply thyme directly to
the skin for hoarseness (laryngitis),
breath. Thyme oil is used as a germ-killer in mouthwashes and liniments. It
is also applied to the skin and in the mouth to fight bacterial and fungal
It is a
perennial flowering plant that
has heads sweetly scented pink or white flowers that bloom in the summer.
Valerian flower extracts were used as a perfume in the 16th century. Native to Europe and parts of Asia, valerian has been introduced into North America. It is
consumed as food by the larvae of some
Lepidoptera (butterfly and moth)
species including the grey pug. It is most commonly used for sleep disorders, especially the inability to sleep (insomnia). It
is frequently combined with hops, lemon balm, or other herbs that also cause
Valerian is also used for conditions
connected to anxiety and psychological stress including nervous asthma, hysterical states, excitability, fear of illness
(hypochondria), headaches, migraine, and stomach upset.
The Wood Betony is a perennial plants
that has stems rise to a height of from 1 to 2 feet, and are slender, square
and furrowed. All the leaves are rough to the touch and are also fringed with
short, fine hairs; their whole surface is dotted with glands containing a
bitter, aromatic oil. Betony is used for digestion problems including heartburn, diarrhea, and intestinal gas, for breathing
problems including bronchitis and asthma, for painful conditions including gout, headache, and facial pain, and for urinary tract conditions
including bladder and kidney stones (nephrolithiasis) and bladder
pain and swelling (inflammation). It is
also used to treat stress and tension, nervousness, and epilepsy.
In combination with other herbs, betony is used to treat nerve
pain (neuralgia) and anxiety.